The Ultimate Guide to Android Automation Testing

Quality and reliability are crucial to mobile game development, and the only way quality and reliability are achieved is through extensive automated testing. This practice helps development teams to speed up their testing processes, maintain consistency, and scale their efforts efficiently across a vast array of devices and platforms.

Automated Android testing significantly accelerates the process, allowing for rapid release cycles without sacrificing quality. Automated tests can run quickly and repeatedly offering developers and testers swift feedback on the app’s current state. Manual testing discrepancies are eliminated as the same steps are repeated precisely every time, ensuring consistent outputs and reducing human error.

 As well as this, automation supports extensive test coverage across multiple devices and platforms, now making it possible to test on a wide range of Android devices with different configurations and operating systems simultaneously without additional manual resources.

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Table of Contents

Why Automate Testing for Android Apps?

Automation in Android app testing is more than just today’s trend; it’s a significant need for delivering high-quality applications in a competitive market. Here are just some of the benefits:

  • Speed: Accelerates the testing process, enabling quicker development cycles.
  • Accuracy: Reduces human error, ensuring more reliable outcomes.
  • Cost-Efficiency: Decreases manual labour costs and resource requirements over time​.

So, how does automation achieve these benefits?

Firstly, the integration of Machine Learning and AI-driven testing tools has revolutionised testing. These tools predict test outcomes, optimise test cases and even generate test scripts, significantly speeding up the testing process and making it more efficient.

Additionally, automated tests can also be seamlessly integrated into Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment (CI/CD) pipelines. This means tests can be run automatically every time there is a change in the code, providing immediate feedback and helping to catch bugs early in the development cycle.

Finally, adopting Shift-Left Testing means incorporating testing early in the development process. By identify issues sooner, you reduce the cost and effort needed to fix them later on in the development process​. All these factors contribute to making automation faster, cheaper and more accurate.

Types of Android Automation Testing

For comprehensive test coverage, it’s essential to include various types of automation testing. Each type focuses on different aspects of the application:

  • Functional Testing: Verifies that each function of the app operated in conformance with the requirements. Functional tests check the user interface, APIs, databases, security, client/server applications and functionality of the app.
  • Performance Testing: Assesses the speed, responsiveness and stability of an app under a particular workload. The testing ensures that the app performs well under expected and peak load conditions.
  • Usability Testing: Ensuring that the app is user-friendly and intuitive. It focuses on the user experience and interaction making sure the app is easy to use and meets user expectations.
  • Compatibility Testing: Checks the app’s performance across different devices, operating systems and network environments. Confirming the app works as intended on various hardware configurations and software versions.
  • Security Testing: Identifies vulnerabilities and protects against threats. This test is crucial for apps that handle sensitive user data.

Popular Frameworks

A testing framework is essentially a set of guidelines or rules that helps to create and design test cases. Think of it as a toolkit that simplifies the testing process, making it easier and more efficient to ensure your app works as expected. Frameworks are crucial because they boost productivity, ensure consistency, and make maintaining and scaling your tests much easier. Here are the most popular frameworks used in Android automation testing:




Created by Google, Espresso is a favourite among Android developers. It’s user-friendly and integrates seamlessly with Android Studio. Espresso helps you write concise and reliable UI tests, making sure your app’s interface behaves as expected.


This open-source tool is fantastic for automating mobile apps across both Android and iOS platforms. With Appium, you can write tests that work on multiple platforms using the same API, which is helpful if you’re developing apps for different types of devices.


Robolectric lets you run tests on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), which means you get fast feedback without needing an emulator or physical device. It’s particularly useful for unit testing and helps speed up the development process.

UI Automator

If you need to test interactions across multiple apps, UI Automator provides APIs to build and run UI tests on Android apps, making it easier to test how your app interacts with other apps on the device.


T-Plan uses Selenium and other custom frameworks to deliver accurate and efficient testing solutions. T-Plan Robot offers cross-platform support, robust reporting, and integrates well with CI/CD pipelines, making it a comprehensive choice for automation testing.

While tools like Appium and Espresso are extremely popular for Android automation testing, sometimes it can make a lot more sense to have a third-party vendor manage automation testing for you – and this is where T-Plan comes in. We’re offering a free demo of T-Plan so you can clearly see the benefits of extensive Android automation testing, which you can book by clicking the link below.

Advanced Testing Techniques

As mobile apps get more sophisticated, it’s crucial to adopt advanced testing techniques to ensure you’re covering all bases and delivering a reliable product. Here are some methods that can take your Android automation testing to the next level:

Data-Driven Testing

This technique involves using different sets of data inputs to execute the same test scenarios. By feeding your app different sets of data, you can catch issues that might not show up with a single set of test data. This helps ensure that the app performs as expected under different conditions and with various inputs.

Behaviour-Driven Testing

BDD focuses on writing tests in plain language that describes the behaviour of the application. This makes it easier for everyone on the team, including business analysts and product managers, to understand and contribute to the testing process. It ensures that everyone is on the same page about how the app is supposed to work, which leads to better collaboration and fewer misunderstandings.

Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment (CI/CD)

Integrating automated tests into your CI/CD pipeline is a game-changer. Tools like Jenkins, Travis CI and CircleCI can automatically run your tests whenever there’s a change in the code. This means you get immediate feedback, and any bugs can be fixed quickly. By automating your tests within the CI/CD pipeline, you ensure that every code change is thoroughly tested therefore reducing the risk of bugs making it into the final product.


Performance Testing and Monitoring

Making sure your Android app runs smoothly is crucial for keeping users happy. Performance testing helps you spot any slowdowns and ensures the app is efficient. Here are some key aspects and tools for performance testing and monitoring:

Key Performance Metrics

  • Frames Per Second (FPS): This measures the graphical performance of the app. The higher the FPS, the smoother the animations and interactions will be. Monitoring FPS helps ensure that users get a fluid and responsive experience.
  • CPU and Memory Usage: Monitoring how much CPU and memory your app uses can prevent it from slowing down or draining the device’s battery. Keeping resource usage in check is crucial in ensuring your app is efficient and not resource-heavy

Tools and Implementation

Firebase Test Lab provide a cloud-based infrastructure to test your app across a wide range of devices. It allows you to perform automated tests on real devices hosted by Firebase. This ensures that your app performs well under different conditions and across all devices.

GameBench is a real-time performance monitoring and analysis tool. It helps you identify performance bottlenecks and optimise your app. With GameBench, you can measure key metrics such as FPS, CPU, and memory usage. This gives you a comprehensive view of your app’s performance.

Device Fragmentation Challenges

One of the biggest hurdles in Android app development is dealing with device fragmentation. With so many different devices, screen sizes, and OS versions, ensuring your app works seamlessly across all of them can be quite challenging. Here are some strategies to help manage this:

Automated Compatibility Testing: Using automation to test across different devices and OS versions can save you a lot of time and effort. Automated testing lets you can quickly check how your app performs across a various hardware and software configurations without manually testing each one. This approach helps you identify and fix issues that might only appear on a specific device.

Device Labs: Having access to a variety of physical devices or cloud-based device farms is crucial for thorough testing. Physical device labs allow you to test your app on actual hardware, providing a more accurate picture of real-world performance. On the other hand, cloud-based device farms offer a wide range of devices that can be accessed remotely, enabling you to run tests across multiple devices simultaneously without the need to maintain a physical lab.


Optimizing Test Performance

To get the most out of your automated tests, you need to make them as efficient as possible. You can do this by following these steps:

Reduce Execution Time: One of the best ways to speed up your tests is by running them in parallel. This means you can execute multiple tests at the same time, significantly cutting down on the total time it takes to run your entire suite. Also, managing your test data efficiently is key. Organise your data well and reuse it where possible to avoid unnecessary delays.

Leveraging Managed Testing Tools: Using the right tools can make a big difference. Tools like T-Plan Robot offer powerful automation features, including support for different platforms and detailed reporting. These tools can integrate smoothly with your CI/CD pipelines, making the testing process faster and more efficient. T-Plan Robot provides everything you need for quick test execution, accurate results and easy maintenance of your test scripts.

By focusing on these strategies, you can ensure your automated tests are both fast and reliable, helping you maintain high quality in your application.


Final Thoughts

Adopting these best practices and using the right tools can significantly improve in the quality and reliability of your Android apps. Integrating automation into your development process allows for faster release cycles, consistent results, and thorough testing across various devices. Staying up-to-date with the latest trends and continuously improving your testing strategies will help you stay ahead in the competitive mobile app market. 

Further Reading

To deepen your understanding and stay current with Android automation testing, we recommend the following:

  1. Read: Test Automation for Mobile Apps – TestingXperts
  2. Study: Software Testing and Automation Specialization – Coursera
  3. Join Community: stackoverflow



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